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【Research News】The Immunostimulatory Effects and Chemical Characteristics of Heated Honey

September 18,2018

In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), honey has been used as an additive in the heat-processing of herbal medicines to enhance their immunostimulatory activities. We investigated the immunostimulatory activity of heated honey in vitro and in vivo. For the in vitro study, we compared the differences among the inducible effects of honey subjected to various heating conditions on granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) secretion from the cultured enterocytes and investigated the active ingredient. For the in vivo study, we conducted a survival test of mice infected by Streptococcus pyogenes with and without oral administration of heated honey. We found that heating the honey induced the appearance of G-CSF secretions from the cultured enterocytes, and that this appearance depended on the heating temperature and time. No G-CSF secretions appeared when honey was not heated. Mice infected with Streptococcus pyogenes that were fed heated honey revealed prolonged survival. The active ingredient in heated honey was a high-molecular compound with about 730 kDa. When this compound was hydrolyzed, galactose, glucose, rhamnose, α-ribofuranose β-ribofuranose 1,5':1',5-dianhydride, and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural were generated. Heated honey reveals immunostimulatory activity both in vitro and in vivo. These results support the scientific evidences of the TCM theory

Published online Date:September13,2018

Journal:Journal of Ethonopharmacology

Title The Immunostimulatory Effects and Chemical Characteristics of Heated Honey
Author Misato Ota, Kan’ichiro Ishiuchi, Xin Xu, Masaaki Minami, Yasutaka Nagachi, Maho Yagi-Utsumi, Yoshiaki Tabuchi, Shao-Qing Cai, Toshiaki Makino
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